Working time models
Working time models Definition
The term working time model is the organization of a complete and smooth workflow, e.g. in production and roster design. The aim is to regulate the distribution of working hours. As a rule, this is done with the help of the collective agreement or employment contract.
A working time model determines the working hours, the daily duration of work, and their uniform or uneven distribution between the individual days of the week. Whereas in the case of the uniform working time model, the working time to be worked must be achieved within one week, this must be achieved within a defined period of time, such as one year, during the uneven working period.
Working time models in practice
Whether in hospital, nursing for the elderly, in construction, retail, in astronomy, in retail, or in public service. Demographic change is being felt everywhere. In order to counteract this development flexibly in the future, working time models are not a bad approach. Pros and cons include an increase in motivation, a better work-life balance for mothers, or for older Generation employees.
Working time models can be created in a family-friendly manner or time off can also be planned for e.g. parental leave. Disadvantages arise, among other things, for managers due to a higher time expenditure. Some examples of medium-sized companies for which a chronometric working time model is worthwhile is for educators in daycare centers, teachers, crafts, health care in inpatient care for the elderly, doctor’s office, outpatient care, teleworking in the call center, fire brigade, police or logistics.
Overview of some types of working time models in Germany and Switzerland
- Confidence working time: This working time regime is now standard and can be found in most contracts. Here, working hours, such as 40 hours a week, are contractually regulated without fixed core times.
- Sliding working time: The flex time is very similar to the trust working time. The difference is the fixed core times compared to the trust working time.
- Part-time / Part-time / Minijob: This is a reduction in working hours without compensation for wages and, with their time, is below the normal working time.
- Job sharing: In this working time model, at least two workers share one or more jobs.
- Lifetime / Long-term accounts: With the help of this model, working time is to be adapted to the fluctuations in the current annual working time and thus increase flexibility. Plus hours are saved and taken at a later date, e.g. for caring for a relative or for an earlier transition into retirement.
- Rolling Week: A rolling system should allow a fair distribution of working time, taking into account Saturday. Employees have a 4-day week and each employee has a long weekend every 4 weeks. Also used for full accounts, alternating shifts or night shifts.
- Home Office: Here, the employee works at home, e.g. field service, and thus saves himself, for example, the journey. However, this model also has some drawbacks: for example, the employee is not on-site in the company to explain problems, for example.